PAK301 Assignment#01 Solution Fall 2019

PAK301 Assignment#01 Solution Fall 2019

PAK301 Assignment#01 Solution Fall 2019

  • How do you see the Two Nation Theory of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Allama Iqbal? Justify your Answer with at least five points. 10 Marks



Sir Syed Ahmed Khan used the word ‘nation’ for the  Muslims.  Some writers criticize that he declared Hindus and Muslims one nation. But as a matter of fact, he advocated the Hindu-Muslim unity that meant the working relationship’ between the two nations as once he said: “Hindus and Muslims should try to be of one mind in matters which affected their progress.” He favored separate electorate for the Muslims in 1883 saying that the majority would override the interests of the minority. Syed Ahmed Khan and Two Nation Theory In a letter to Mr. Shakespeare the divisional commissar of Benars Sir Syed said: “I am convinced now that Hindus and Muslims could never become one nation as their religion and way of life was quite distinct from each other.



Allama Iqbal gave it a philosophical explanation; Quaid-i-Azam translated it into a political reality; and the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, by passing Objectives Resolution in March 1949, gave it legal sanction. It was due to the realization of the Muslims of South Asia that they are different from the Hindus that they demanded separate electorates. However when they realized that their future in a ‘Democratic India’ dominated by Hindus majority was not safe, they changed their demand to a separate state. The two nation theory


The phenomenon of Two-Nation theory originated with the advent of Islam in the Sub-Continent. People of south Asia believe that Islam and Hinduism are not only two religious but also two social orders that have given birth to two distinct cultures with no similarities We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, names  and  nomenclature,  sense  of values and proportion, legal laws and moral code, custom and calendar,  history  and  tradition,  aptitudes  and  ambitions; in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all cannons of international law, we are a nation.


Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal was a great poet, philosopher and a politician. Iqbal had a sensitive heart and a deep-thinking inquisitive mind. He was dismayed at the pathetic conditions of the Muslims in general and of the Indian Muslims in particular. Allama Iqbal delivered historical address at Allahabad: “The units of Indian society are not territorial as in the European countries. India is a continent of human groups belonging to different races speaking different languages and professing different religions. Their behavior is not at all determined by a common race consciousness.”


As famous Address to the Muslim League Session, Allahabad, December 1930


I  would  like  to  see  the  Punjab,  NWFP,  Sind,  Balochistan  amalgamated into a single state as a self-government within the British  empire  or  without.  This  is  the  final  destiny  of  the Muslims of N.W. India.

  • What is the impact of Allahabad Address (1930) presented by Allama Iqbal on the Muslim politics? Justify your answer with at least five points. 5 points



As famous Address to the Muslim League Session, Allahabad, December 1930


In this address, Allama Iqbal gave the lucid explanation of the inner feeling of the Muslims of India. He narrated the basic principles of the Islam and loyalties of the Muslims to their faith. He gave the idea and concept about a separate homeland in this address because the Muslim were a nation and had a right that they got the identification and passed their lives in order to the Islamic principles. Due to these reasons, he expressed his thoughts in this address. There were many reasons which caused Muslims to think about the separate homeland and compelled to protect the rights of the Muslim.

There was a two branched attack on the Muslim interests. On the one side, Hindus were creating the restrictions in the way of the Muslim and hurting the feeling of the Muslim to propose the Nehru report as the ultimate constitution for India. On the other side, the British government totally ignored the Muslim’s rights and other facilities were not being provided to them. They were ignored in every field of life, especially in education and government. In that critical condition, Allama Muhammad Iqbal realized that these eccentric problems of the Muslims in North West India needed to be addressed. In order to solve these problems, Allama Iqbal pointed a line of action. I  would  like  to  see  the  Punjab,  NWFP,  Sind,  Balochistan  amalgamated into a single state as a self-government within the British  empire  or  without.  This is the final destiny of the Muslims of N.W. India. By 1930, Muslims had developed a sense of identity and political demands. Iqbal delivered his Presidential address in this background. Iqbal’s  stay  in  Europe,  1905-08,  helped  to  crystallize  his  thoughts.  He  returned  to  India  in  1908 and  started  work  on  the  roots  of  Muslim  decline  and  the  mechanism  to  uplift  the  Muslims.  He reminded them to follow the teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) practically as the ideal leader. He emphasized on the ideals, teachings and principles of Islam. He sought salvation through Islam. He was awarded with many prominent social positions:

  • Title of Sir was conferred in 1922
  • Member Punjab Legislative Council (1927-1930)

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